The rip current from the neck enters the open sea and will slow down. This area is called the head of the rip. The head current is not always present, depending on the strength of the neck rip current and presence of breaking waves in the neck area. The head current can go straight on to the see (see fig 1) or sidewards, see fig 2 and 3.
The sidewards direction is depending on the tidal current.
Rip current fluctuations are caused by wave trains of different wave height and small fluctuations in the waterlevel caused by low waves with big wavelengths.
If the sea is calm with low breaking waves these fluctuations are visible if you are standing on a higher point for a good overview. These variations are strong with stormy conditions and can be very dangerous.
Hereafter the latest attempt to clarify this chapter. The head is within the lightblue ellips and the red arrow indicates the rip current.
This was the latest chapter about fixed rips. Go to swimming advise fixed rips before you leave this website.